The European Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters is a 1959 Council of Europe mutual legal aid treaty. It has been ratified by 50 states, including the 47 member states of the Council of Europe. The agreement was concluded on 20 April 1959 in Strasbourg, France, and came into force on 12 June 1962. In 2009, San Marino was the 47th and last Council of Europe member state to ratify the Convention, making it one of the few universal conventions between Council member states. The convention was also ratified by Chile, Israel and South Korea. The parties to the agreement agree to offer each other « the broadest measure of mutual assistance » in the elucidation of criminal offences, obtaining evidence and prosecuting suspects. The convention defines the requirements that the requesting state`s rogatory commissions and rogatory commissions must meet the « required state. » The convention also contains rules on the enforcement of such requests for mutual legal assistance by the required state authorities. The status of the Council of Europe is signed in London, UK. The first session of the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe will be held in Strasbourg, France.
The federalists are calling for the creation of a European political authority. France, Great Britain and Benelux decided to create a Council of Europe and asked Denmark, Ireland, Italy, Norway and Switzerland to help them develop the status of the Council.