Pan American Agreement

During negotiations, conference and arbitration, there are often fundamental differences on this issue. It was at the 1930 Hague conference that this division became most evident, where delegates disintegrated into two groups, the so-called « majority » and the « minority groups ». This distribution is largely the result of a substantive disagreement on one of the most fundamental issues, namely the level of equal treatment of foreigners. The « minority group », made up of Latin American countries, a few small European powers and China, identified the treatment of the foreigner with that of the national. The « majority group », consisting of the United States, Great Britain, France, Italy, Japan, etc., could not accept such a restriction. The issue was then discussed by the Pan American Union Board of Directors at a meeting on 15 January 1912, when an agreement was reached stipulating that the Legal Committee would meet on 26 June 1912 in Rio de Janeiro and that each government could be represented by two delegates instead of one, as stipulated by the 1906 Convention establishing the Commission of Jurists. June 1912 in Rio de Janeiro, where the United States was represented by honorary advocate John Bassett Moore and Frederick Van Dyne, assistant solicitor of the United States State Department. Commissions [page 59] were created to develop bills on specific topics that will be reported later and in certain locations. The Commission was postponed to meet again in Rio de Janeiro in 1914.

However, this meeting did not take place because of the war that took place between the two. Never before has the need and usefulness of neighbourhood cooperation in all forms of human activity been more evident than it is today. Friendship between nations requires constructive efforts to bring together the forces of humanity in order to cultivate an atmosphere of close understanding and cooperation. You will strive to be guided by the policy that President Roosevelt heard in his inaugural address: « The policy of the good neighbour – of the neighbour who, because he does, respects the rights of others – of the neighbour who respects his commitments and respects the sanctity of his agreements in and with a world of neighbors. » 42 You will bear in mind the belief that the well-being of a nation depends to a large extent on the well-being of its neighbours.